Why travel to Russia? It offers an incredible lot of opportunities for tourism, business, work, studies, culture etc. Iranian citizens are frequent visitors in Russian cities. However, to enter the country, you’ll need a valid visa corresponding to the purpose of your trip.
Do Iranian citizens need a visa to Russia?
Yes, they do.
It does sound like a challenge – to obtain a visa by yourself. But all is possible, and we are going to show you here how to do it. Read our simple step-by-step guide, and get your Russian visa in an economical and fast way.
First of all, you should look through the most popular visa types and decide on the one that will suit your travel purposes best.
|Visa types||Validity period||Travel purpose|
|Tourist visa||30 days||Tourism and leisure|
|Private visa||90 days||private guest visits. Not recommendable: see why here|
|Business visa||30 -90 days (up to 1 year max)||conducting business in Russia, looking for partners, negotiating, investing etc.|
|Transit visa||3 -6 days||crossing Russian territory on your way to another country|
|Student visa||90 days and above||studying a course in a Russian school or university|
|Work visa||90 days and above||working under contract for a Russian employer|
Duration of stay in Russia – 30 days max
Number of entries – single or double
Purpose of trip – Tours and individual trips to Russia. Sightseeing, visiting cultural events, driving through the country etc.
Visa support: Confirmation from a registered Russian Tour Operator of the acceptance of a tourist + detailed itinerary provided by the same tour operator + hotel booking for the entire period of stay + purchased tickets to and from Russia.
Note: A simple booking without confirmation is not enough to apply for this visa.
Duration of stay in Russia – 90 days max
Number of entries – single or double
Purpose of trip – visiting friends or relatives, citizens or permanent residents of Russia
Visa support: Invitation issued by MIA upon request of your Russian host
Duration of stay in Russia – 90 days in each 180. A visa can be issued for up to 1 year.
Number of entries – single, double or multiple (to apply for multiple entry visa you should have previous Russian visas issued in the last year)
Purpose of trip:
– looking for business partners, negotiating, researching the market
– conducting trainings, maintenance work (sub-purpose Technical Maintenance)
– taking part in commercial activities in Russia (sub-purpose Commercial)
– driving cargo or passenger vehicle throughout Russia (sub-purpose Driver)
– flying aircraft (sub-purpose Crew Member)
– a child accompanying parents in a business trip (sub-purpose Family Member)
– taking part in sports, cultural, political, religious, charity, volunteer events, or supplying humanitarian aid (Humanitarian type)
Visa support: Invitation issued by MIA or MFA of Russia upon request of the Russian inviting company
Duration of stay in Russia – 3 days max for single entry, 6 days max for double entry
Number of entries – single, double
Purpose of trip – crossing Russian territory following to another state.
Visa support: valid purchased tickets showing entrance/departure from Russia
Important: If you fly over Russia you don’t need a visa
If you make air connection without leaving transit zone you don’t need a visa
If you follow to Belarus or Kazakhstan making transit in Russia you need a transit visa
Duration of stay in Russia – 90 days and longer. A visa is issued for 90 days, but can be extended in Russia depending on the duration of studies.
Number of entries – single, double or multiple
Purpose of trip – full time studies at a Russian educational institution; short-term courses
Visa support: Invitation by the MIA or MFA of Russia granted upon request of the Russian School or University
Duration of stay in Russia – from 90 days and longer, depending on the civil labour contract terms. For Highly Qualified Experts a visa is issued for 3 years at once. This visa type can be extended in Russia.
Number of entries – single or multiple
Purpose of trip – full time work under a paid labour contract for a Russian employer
Visa support: original invitation granted by MIA of Russia upon request of an authorized Russian Employer.
Once you’ve decided upon the visa type, you can start preparing the documents you’ll need to apply for a visa. Remember, the application can be accepted not earlier than 3 months and not later than 5 days before your trip. See the documents you’ll need below:
One should collect all documents and personally apply at:
Working days – Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Thursday
Working Hours: 10:00-12:30
You can find the addresses of the Consulates on the website of the embassy here: Russian Consular section in Iran
There are no regular interviews held for visa applicants, normally you submit the documents without the interview, however if the Consular officer feels it necessary to hold a personal conversation, he can ask the applicant to attend an interview.
When you apply, you are required to pay the visa fees for the processing of your documents. The current rates are:
|Visa type||Standard processing 4-20 working days||Express processing 1-3 working days|
|single entry||80 $||160 $|
|double entry||128 $||256 $|
|multiple entry||240 $||480 $|
Keep the receipt as you’ll need it to get your passport with visa back.
When you collect your passport, don’t forget to check the visa stamp for any possible mistakes. See the info the stamp carries:
If something is wrong, you can apply for correction. If it’s fine, you can start getting ready for the trip. Take with you your invitation from Russia in copy and return ticket.
When you arrive to Russia you’ll need to get some more documents there:
A migration card is given to foreign nationals arriving to Russia at migration control points. It has two identical parts, one of which is surrendered to the immigration officer. You’ll need to write on it the details of your trip, dates of travel, places of intended stay. After you have it stamped by the officer, keep the second part of the card with you, and don’t lose it. You’ll have to return it back when leaving Russia.
You’ll need to get registered upon arrival, if you stay longer than 7 working days in Russia.
If you stay in a hotel, you’ll get registered by the hotel manager. If you stay with your Russian friends, ask the owner of the apartment to register you at the local post or police office during the first 7 days after your arrival. Carry your registration with you. You might need to show it when returning from Russia.
It’s required to have both of the above documents for your legal stay in Russia.
Important! You cannot change the status of your visa while in Russia. The only extendable visa types are – work and student visas. Do not overstay your visa validity, otherwise you’ll be deported and refused further entry.
I hope you’ve found the answers to your questions in this article. If you need further information, you can contact the Russian embassy in your country, or write for advice to our email.
Have wonderful travels to Russia!