Slovak citizens may need a trip to Russia for different reasons – to meet up with family and friends, see the sights, do business, study at a Russian university etc. Whatever your purpose, prior to your trip you should make sure that you have all documents in order and are allowed to enter Russia. The question you are probably asking yourself is:
Do Slovak citizens need a visa to enter Russia?
Yes, they do.
Although visa procedures may sound like a lot of headache for you, we can guarantee you – it’s not as complicated. We’ve prepared a simple step-by-step guide to help you get your Russian visa on your own. Read on to find out how to do it.
Depending on several moments, like duration of your trip, number of entries you are going to make, reasons for your traveling and the inviting Russian party, you can choose a certain type of Russian visa. Below you can see the overview and more detailed description of the main visa types to help you make your choice.
Russian visa types overview
|Visa types||Validity period||Travel purpose|
|Tourist visa||30 days||tourism and leisure|
|Private visa||90 days||private guest visits. Not recommendable: see why here|
|Business visa||30 -90 days (up to 5 years max)||conducting business in Russia, looking for partners, negotiating, investing etc.|
|Transit visa||3 -10 days||crossing Russian territory on your way to another country|
|Student visa||90 days and above||studying a course in a Russian school or university|
|Work visa||90 days and above||working under contract for a Russian employer|
|Electronic visa||8 days||short tourist, business or humanitarian visits|
Duration of stay in Russia: no longer than 30 days
Number of entries: single
Inviting company: Russian tour operator registered in the Uniform Register of Russian Tour Operators (Rosturizm)
Duration of stay in Russia – no longer than 90 days
Number of entries – single or double
Purpose of trip – visiting friends or relatives living in Russia
Inviting organization – MIA (Ministry of Internal Affairs) of Russia upon request of the host Russian citizen
Duration of stay in Russia – no longer than 90 days out of each 180. A visa can be issued for up to 5 years (you can apply for multiple entry visas only if you had previous 2 Russian visas in the last year).
Number of entries – single, double or multiple
Purpose of trip:
– conducting business with Russian partners
– attending meetings, conferences
– providing trainings, maintenance work (sub-purpose Technical Maintenance)
– short-term commercial activities (sub-purpose Commercial)
– driving cargo or passenger vehicle throughout Russia (sub-purpose Driver)
– flying aircraft (sub-purpose Crew Member)
– a child accompanying parents in a business trip (sub-purpose Family Member)
– taking part in sports, cultural, political, religious, charity, volunteer events, or supplying humanitarian aid (Humanitarian type)
Inviting organization – A Russian company, which provides a written invitation on its letterhead, or MIA/ MFA of Russia upon request of the host Russian company
Duration of stay in Russia – 3 days for air connections, 10 days for road trips for crossing Russian territory
Number of entries – single, double (for double entry transit visa validity won’t be longer than 1 month)
Purpose of trip – passing through Russia following to another state of destination.
Inviting organization – no invitation required. You should provide the tickets showing entry/exit from Russia
Duration of stay in Russia – 90 days and longer if required by the study course. A visa is issued for 90 days, but can be extended in Russia depending on the duration of studies.
Number of entries – single or multiple
Purpose of trip – studying at a Russian educational institution
Inviting organization – Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia upon request of the Russian School or University
Duration of stay in Russia – 90 days and up, depending on the employment contract terms. For Highly Qualified Specialists a visa is issued for 3 years at once. This visa type can be prolonged while in Russia.
Number of entries – single or multiple
Purpose of trip – working under a contract for a Russian employer
Inviting organization – MIA of Russia upon request of the Russian Employing company
Duration of stay in Russia – no longer than 8 days. Validity period of e-visa is 30 days in total.
Number of entries – single
Purpose of trip – tourism and leisure, business or humanitarian visits
Inviting organization – no invitation required, you’ll need to fill the application form at MFA site 4 days before the trip, print it and use as a visa along with your passport.
Once you’ve decided on which visa you’ll need and when you are planning to travel, you can start preparing the necessary package of documents, which includes:
– For tourist visa you’ll need a tour confirmation from a registered Russian travel agency. Get it here in 10 min: get visa support invitation
– For private visa your Russian host should contact the local Ministry of Internal Affairs migration department and solicit the required invitation. It’s made in 20 working days and sent in e-format. If you don’t have time to wait, consider coming on a tourist visa instead and get our tourist support in 10 min.
– For Business visa your Russian partner must provide you either with a written statement of invitation signed and sealed, or solicit an invitation at the MIA of Russia (takes 20 working days), or MFA (Ministry of Foreign Affairs) of Russia (invitation type – Telex, takes around 12 working days). If your host company can’t provide this, order your Business invitation here: get visa support invitation
– For Student visa your Russian school should solicit official invitation from the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia (takes 1- 1.5 months)
– For Work visa your Russian employer should solicit official invitation from the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia (takes 1- 2 months)
When you have collected all the necessary documents, it’s time for you to start the application process. Please, bear in mind, you can apply not earlier than 3 months before your trip to Russia.
Slovak citizens can apply in one of the following ways:
Now, there can be some benefits of applying directly at the Consulate, e.g. you’ll only pay the Consular fee for your visa. But in general it’s recommendable to apply through the visa center. It’ll be safer, faster and more convenient. Moreover, Consulates don’t much welcome individual applicants, they have basically authorized visa centers to carry out the work of collecting applications for them.
Along with your documents, you’ll need to pay the fees. Currently the Consular fees are:
|Visa type||Standard processing in 4-10 working days||Expedited processing in 1-3 days|
|All short-term visa types||35 EUR||70 EUR|
|Single entry student/ work visa||70 EUR||141 EUR|
|Double entry student/work visa||112 EUR||225 EUR|
|Multiple entry student/work visa||211 EUR||421 EUR|
If you opt for application through the VHS visa center, you’ll also need to pay their service fee of 25 EUR. If you want to order extra services, like photocopies, filling your application for you etc. you’ll need to pay extras. An extra fee of 12 EUR is charged for courier delivery of your passport with visa back to you once the process is finished.
Find the contacts of the Russian Consulate and Visa Center here: Russian consulates and embassies
After you have waited the required time and get notified on the completion of the visa procedures, you can get your passport back from the office where you submitted the documents. If you paid for courier delivery in VHS center, just wait until the courier brings it to you – normally they give a phone call before coming to make sure you’ll wait for them.
Check your visa stamp for the following details:
If you find any mistakes in spelling or other information which is incorrect, immediately inform the issuing authority and ask for correction.
In case everything is fine, you can start packing your bags and preparing for your trip.
Don’t forget to take with you the following documents:
When you are about to land you’ll notice the flight attendant distributing migration cards, take one and fill it in. If you cross Russian borders in another way, you’ll obtain migration card from the officer at control point. After you’ve filled your data in pen, the officer will stamp the card and give you one copy to keep. When leaving Russia you’ll be requested to return it at the border.
In case your trip will last longer than 7 working days, you’ll need to ask your hotel manager to provide you with registration. If you stay at a private apartment, ask your host to have you registered at the local MIA or post office. Registration can also be checked at the border or even out in the streets by the police officers. It proves your location in Russia and states you are staying there legally.
Now you’ve learnt the way to get your Russian visa. Hope our guide will help you. If you have some questions left, contact us by email.